The knee is your body’s biggest and most powerful joint. The lower end of the femur (thighbone), the upper end of the tibia (shinbone), and the patella make up the patella (kneecap). Articular cartilage, a smooth, slippery layer that protects and cushions the bones when you bend and straighten your knee, covers the ends of the three bones that make up the knee joint. Arthritis Pain in Knees is a severe, painful condition that worsens with age. The most frequent kind is osteoarthritis, which can affect one or both knees. The most common symptoms are knee pain, edema, and stiffness. There are several therapies available that may help with the symptoms. The basic symptoms of arthritis are pain, swelling, and stiffness. The condition can affect any joint in the body, although it is most common in the knee.
Arthritis pain in the knee can make it difficult to do numerous daily activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. For many people, it is a main source of wasted work time and substantial impairment.
There are about 100 distinct varieties of arthritis, with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis being the most frequent. While arthritis is mostly a disease of adults, certain kinds afflict youngsters.Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are numerous treatment choices that can help patients manage their pain and stay active. Keep reading to know about the treatments, symptoms and other necessary information about arthritis in the knee.
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What are the causes for Arthritis Pain In Knees?
Experts have discovered certain genes that may cause arthritis, especially knee arthritis. They believe there are yet more genes to be uncovered. You might be carrying a gene linked to arthritis without realizing it, and a virus or injury could cause knee arthritis.
Though the etiology is uncertain, many risk factors enhance the likelihood of knee arthritis. The following are particular risk factors for osteoarthritis:
- Age. Osteoarthritis affects elderly people more than younger people and children.
- Chronic stress injuries. These are usually the effects of a person’s occupation. Because of the continual pressure on the joint, those with specific vocations that require a lot of activity that might stress the joint, such as kneeling, squatting, or carrying big weights (55 pounds or more), are more prone to develop osteoarthritis of the knee.
- Bone anomalies. If your bones or joints are inherently crooked, you’re more likely to get osteoarthritis.
- Gout. Gout is an inflammatory inflammation that can develop to osteoarthritis..
- Other diseases. Osteoarthritis is more frequent in those with rheumatoid arthritis, the second most common kind of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is more common in those with specific metabolic problems, such as iron overload or excess growth hormone.
- Fractures. Knee fractures can lead to knee arthritis.
- Stress. Jogging, playing sports, or having an active job can put a lot of strain on your knees, which can develop to osteoarthritis.
- Weight. Your knees are placed under extra strain when you gain weight.
- Sports. Athletes who participate in soccer, tennis, or long-distance running may be more susceptible to osteoarthritis of the knee. That implies athletes must use prudence in order to avoid injury. It’s worth noting, though, that frequent moderate activity strengthens joints and can help prevent osteoarthritis. In truth, osteoarthritis can be caused by weak muscles around the knee.
Knee Arthritis Types
Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis are the three types of arthritis that are most likely to impact the knee and cause Arthritis Pain In Knees.
Knee osteoarthritis (OA)
Degenerative joint disease is another name for osteoarthritis. It’s the most prevalent type of knee arthritis, although it can also affect other joints. It’s frequently linked to aging-related wear and tear, and it becomes worse with time. Pain and inflammation result from cartilage disintegration.
Knee Rheumatoid Arthritis (RAK)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory illness in which the body’s immune system assaults healthy tissue in a number of joints, including the knee. It inflames the synovial membrane, which is the capsule that surrounds the knee joint. Inflammatory cells emit chemicals that slowly eat away at knee cartilage. People of any age can develop rheumatoid arthritis.
Post-Traumatic Knee Arthritis
A history of knee injury or trauma might assist in the growth of arthritis. Knee ligament injuries cause the joint to become less stable over time, which can lead to cartilage degradation.
Knee Arthritis Symptoms
Rise In Pain With Time
Arthritis pain normally develops gradually, however it can sometimes arise unexpectedly. You can initially detect pain in the morning or after a period of inactivity.
It’s possible that your knees will pain if you:
- climb stairs
- rising from a seated posture
- walk on a flat surface
- sit down for a while
Knee discomfort that wakes you up in the middle of the night might be a sign of OA. Symptoms might worsen for a long period before settling, and they can change from day to day.
Symptoms may intensify as a result of the following factors:
- cold temperatures
- excessive exercise
Swelling or tenderness
Knee arthritis can often cause irritation. After a lengthy period of inactivity, such as when you first get up in the morning, swelling may be more evident.
This can be the case with OA:
- A firm swelling occurs when a bone spur develops (osteophytes)
- Inflammation causes additional fluid to gather around the joint, resulting in soft swelling.
Because RA is an inflammatory illness, joint swelling is common.
Other symptoms that people with RA may experience include:
- a general sense of being ill
Sounds of cracking or popping
You may feel a grinding feeling or hear cracking or popping sounds when you bend or straighten your knee. Doctors refer to the phenomenon as crepitus.
When you lose some of the cartilage that aids in smooth range of motion, you may experience these symptoms. Cartilage damage can be caused by both OA and RA.
Limited range of motion
The changes in bone and cartilage that occur with OA or after a knee injury might make it difficult for your knee joints to move freely. Walking, standing up, and carrying out other daily activities might become difficult.