Arthritis pain on shoulder is caused by cartilage damage within the shoulder joint. The shoulder is based on two joints.The shoulder is based on two joints. Arthritis pain on shoulder is typically associated with the larger ball-and-socket joint known as the glenohumeral joint, named for the bones it links (glenoid and humerus). Cartilage covers both the ball (the humeral head) and the socket (the glenoid).
Arthritis pain on shoulder develops when the cartilage in the shoulder begins to disintegrate, first on the surface and then in deeper layers. The second joint in the shoulder, the acromioclavicular or AC joint, can also develop arthritis, which is known as AC joint arthritis.
Every year, millions of individuals around the world are diagnosed with arthritis. Arthritis is just inflammation more than one joints. This inflammation causes soreness and stiffness in a sick shoulder, making it difficult to lift your arm, brush your hair, or reach up to a high shelf. Although there is no cure for shoulder arthritis, there are numerous treatment options available. By using them, most patients with arthritis can reduce their pain and stay active.
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Types Of Shoulder Arthritis
The shoulder is commonly affected by five major forms of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis, sometimes known as “wear-and-tear” arthritis, is a condition that causes destruction to the smooth outer layer of bone (articular cartilage). The articular cartilage gets ragged and harsh as it wears away, and the protecting area between the bones shrinks. During movement, the bones of the joint rub against each other, causing discomfort; this is commonly referred to as “bone on bone” arthritis. Osteoarthritis is more frequent in adults over the age of 50, and it affects the acromioclavicular joint more than the glenohumeral shoulder joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that affects the joints throughout the body. Because it is symmetrical, it frequently affects the same joint on both sides of the body. Your body’s joints are coated with a coating called synovium, which lubricates the joint and makes it simpler to move.Rheumatoid arthritis causes the joint lining to swell, which causes pain and stiffness.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a kind of autoimmune disorder. This indicates that the immune system assaults itself. In RA, the body’s defences against infection destroy normal tissue (such as cartilage and ligaments) and weaken bone.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects both shoulder joints equally.
Posttraumatic arthritis is a kind of osteoarthritis that develops after an accident, such as a shoulder fracture or dislocation.
Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy
Arthritis can also occur as a result of a substantial, long-term rotator cuff tendon injury. The torn rotator cuff no longer keeps the humerus head in the glenoid socket, allowing the humerus to migrate higher and rub against the acromion. This can cause bone surface deterioration, resulting in arthritis.
A major rotator cuff rupture combined with advanced arthritis can cause extreme discomfort and weakness, and the patient may be unable to move their arm away from the side.
Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the shoulder is a painful disorder caused by a disruption in the blood supply to the head of the humerus. Because bone cells die in the absence of a blood supply, AVN can eventually lead to shoulder joint degeneration and arthritis.
Avascular necrosis manifests itself in phases. As the disease advances, the dead bone eventually collapses, causing damage to the articular cartilage that covers the bone and resulting in arthritis. AVN initially affects primarily the humeral head, but as the disease advances, the deflated head of the humerus can injure the glenoid socket.
High-dose steroid usage, severe alcohol use, sickle cell disease, and traumatic injury, such as shoulder fractures, are all causes of AVN. In certain circumstances, no cause can be found.
Shoulder Arthritis Symptoms
The degree of cartilage loss varies by individual, as do the symptoms of shoulder arthritis:
- Pain or inflammation.The most common symptom of arthritis pain on shoulder is It can occur in the front, side, or rear of the shoulder. Some people experience pain even when they are not using their arm, while others experience discomfort just when they are using it. Arthritis pain on shoulder can strike at any time of day and may be accompanied by or without shoulder stiffness. The discomfort is frequently exacerbated by lifting, carrying big things, or exercising. The discomfort can frequently spread through the arm or, if severe, down to the elbow and wrist.
- Stiffness in joints. Another indicator of shoulder arthritis development is joint stiffness. Shoulder stiffness can manifest as a reduction of range of motion. You may realise that when your range of motion diminishes, you can accomplish fewer things with your arm, and these activities may be limited owing to discomfort.
- Crepitus. Because the surface of the cartilage is uneven with arthritis, grinding, clicking, or cracking (crepitus) may be felt. It might be painful or not. The shoulder might “freeze up” at times. Because the surfaces are no longer smooth, you may occasionally feel the shoulder slip in certain situations.
Lifestyle and home-based care
Nonoperative, home-based, and lifestyle care are generally the first steps in treating shoulder arthritis. These techniques maintain your shoulder flexible while also reducing discomfort. Among these therapies are:
- Shoulder exercises: Stretching exercises assist in the improvement or preservation of range of motion. Your doctor may refer you to a physical therapist.
- Activity and lifestyle adjustments: Let pain be your guide. Cut back or avoid everyday activities (for example, lifting heavy objects) or athletic activities that cause shoulder pain.
Ice and heat: Apply cold or moist heat, whatever feels more comfortable, to relieve inflammation and discomfort. If you prefer cold, use a reusable frozen cold pad or a frozen bag of peas on your shoulder. Apply the cold pack for 20 minutes at a time, as needed during the day. Moist heat is a good alternative for warming up before stretching or any other time you want to feel more at ease.